Existing Conditions Modeling



A process in which a project team develops a 3D model of the existing conditions for a site, facilities on a site, or a specific area within a facility. This model can be developed in multiple ways including laser scanning, photogrammetry and/or conventional surveying techniques, depending on what is desired and what is most efficient. Once the model is constructed, it can be queried for information, whether it is for new construction or a modernization project.

Potential Value

-  Enhance the efficiency and accuracy of existing conditions documentation

-  Provide documentation of environment for future uses

 -  Aid in future modeling and 3D design coordination

 -  Provide an accurate representation of work that has been put into place

 -  Verify project status with quantity information for progress monitoring

 -  Provide detailed layout information

 -  Pre-disaster and post-disaster planning and documentation

 -  Visualize current and future facility status and plans

Resources Required

-  Building Information Model authoring software

-  Laser scanning point cloud manipulation software

-  3D Laser scanning

-  Conventional surveying equipment

Team Competencies Required

-  Ability to manipulate, navigate, and review a 3D model

-  Knowledge of Building Information Model authoring tools

-  Knowledge of 3D laser scanning tools

-  Knowledge of conventional surveying tools and equipment

-  Ability to sift through mass quantities of data that is generated by a 3D laser scan

-  Ability to determine what level of detail will be required to add “value” to the project

 -  Ability to generate Building Information Model from 3D laser scan and/or conventional survey data


References for Additional Information

United States General Services Administration (2009). “GSA Building Information Modeling Guide Series: 03 - GSA BIM Guide of 3D Imaging.” [link]

Arayici, Y. (2008). "Towards building information modeling for existing structures." Structural Survey  26.3: 210. ABI/INFORM Global. [link]

Murphy, M., McGovern, E., and Pavia, S. (2009)."Historic building information modelling (HBIM)." Structural Survey  27.4: 311. ABI/INFORM Global.

Adan, A., Akinci, B., Huber, D., Pingbo, Okorn, B., Tang, P. and Xiong, X. (2010).“Using Laser Scanners for Modeling and Analysis in Architecture, Engineering, and Construction.”

Sample Process Map(s)

[Link to Template Process Map - Under Development]

Potential Output Information

-  3D point cloud of existing building

-  Surface model of existing geometric elements

-  Parametric model including data regarding existing building components

Source:  BIM Project Execution Planning Guide, Ver. 2.2 with minor revisions.

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